6 : Courage For Tomorrow
Yet courage is not just physical bravery. History books tell colorful tales of social activists, such as Martin Luther King and Nelson Mandela, who chose to speak out against injustice at great personal risk. Entrepreneurs such as Steve Jobs and Walt Disney, who took financial risks to follow their dreams and innovate, are like modern-day knights, exemplifying the rewards and public accolades that courage can bring.
6 : Courage for Tomorrow
There are different types of courage, ranging from physical strength and endurance to mental stamina and innovation. The below quotes demonstrate six different ways in which we define courage. Which are most relevant to you? In the last section, I present an exercise to help you define and harness your own courage.
Repeat this exercise over the course of a week, using each definition of courage above. On Day 7, come up with your own definition of courage that is most meaningful to you and repeat the whole exercise using this definition.
We are clear about what must be done--and we intend to do it. I want to talk frankly with you tonight about the first steps that we shall take. These actions will require sacrifice on the part of many of our citizens. More will be required in the future. They will require, from all of us, courage and perseverance in the years to come. But if we and our allies act out of strength and unity of purpose--with calm determination and steady nerves--using restraint in our words as well as our weapons--I am hopeful that both peace and freedom will be sustained.
West Berlin is all of that. But above all it has now become--as never before--the great testing place of Western courage and will, a focal point where our solemn commitments stretching back over the years since 1945, and Soviet ambitions now meet in basic confrontation.
Accordingly, I am now taking the following steps:(1) I am tomorrow requesting the Congress for the current fiscal year an additional $3,247,000,000 of appropriations for the Armed Forces.(2) To fill out our present Army Divisions, and to make more men available for prompt deployment, I am requesting an increase in the Army's total authorized strength from 875,000 to approximately 1 million men.(3) I am requesting an increase of 29,000 and 63,000 men respectively in the active duty strength of the Navy and the Air Force.(4) To fulfill these manpower needs, I am ordering that our draft calls be doubled and tripled in the coming months; I am asking the Congress for authority to order to active duty certain ready reserve units and individual reservists, and to extend tours of duty; and, under that authority, I am planning to order to active duty a number of air transport squadrons and Air National Guard tactical air squadrons, to give us the airlift capacity and protection that we need. Other reserve forces will be called up when needed.(5) Many ships and planes once headed for retirement are to be retained or reactivated, increasing our air power tactically and our sealift, airlift, and anti-submarine warfare capability. In addition, our strategic air power will be increased by delaying the deactivation of B-47 bombers.(6) Finally, some $1.8 billion--about half of the total sum--is needed for the procurement of non-nuclear weapons, ammunition and equipment.The details on all these requests will be presented to the Congress tomorrow. Subsequent steps will be taken to suit subsequent needs. Comparable efforts for the common defense are being discussed with our NATO allies. For their commitment and interest are as precise as our own.
The verdict of the ages is that men of faith seldom lack courage. They trust their God. So we never apologize for our belief in Him. Instead, we try to let Him demonstrate, through us, what He can do.
Jean-Pascal: Organizations need the courage to abandon legacy models and accelerate new ones. Organizations must be stubborn strategically and agile tactically in order to survive in a volatile environment. They need to have a long-term vision, but also the ability to pivot as they encounter all the obstacles along the way. Every decision or action should be a two-way door, which allows you to go back if the strategy misfires.
Press Gaggle by Scott McClellanAboard Air Force OneEn Route Tbilisi, Georgia 6:20 P.M. (Local) MR. McCLELLAN: All right, good afternoon, everybody. I wanted torun through some of the President's day, and just give you a littlecolor on the day, as well. The President, this morning, before he left the hotel, met withsome civil society leaders. It was probably about a half hour or so,the meeting. And there were 17 people there, if I counted correctly, adiverse cross-section of Russian civil society leaders, includingrepresentatives of human rights groups. In fact, you had arepresentative from the Helsinki Commission there, which the Ambassadorreferred to as the oldest civil society organization in Russia. Youhad representatives from labor, advocates for the free press, RussianRed Cross, representative of people with disabilities, representativeor an advocate for abandoned children, someone who is involved inelection monitoring, and then an HIV/AIDS activist, as well. The President viewed this as another opportunity to highlight theimportance of civil society in democracies, and to thank them for theirwork, and also to hear from them. The President met individually witheach one, and then he spoke to them as a group, and he talked about howhe is here to celebrate the defeat of the Nazis and fascism, and honorthe courage of those who served and sacrificed from that generation,but he's also -- this is also a time to remember the lessons of thepast as we look to the future. And in that context, he talked abouthow we must always stand up against tyranny and how freedom isuniversal. And he talked about the importance of human dignity and rule of lawand minority rights, and people worshiping freely, and people beingable to express their views without fear. He talked about how avibrant society is one in which government recognizes and honorsuniversal truths, but he said society itself honors universal truthsthrough civil society. And he talked about how we support the civilsociety leaders in their work, and continue to offer them ourencouragement and support in their work. And he talked about how inour own country we're constantly working to overcome the wrongs of ourpast. And I think some of that you've heard in his remarks over recentdays. And then he talked about the good relations he had with PresidentPutin, and he talked about how his strong personal relationship withPresident Putin allows him to work in an effective way and enables themto work together in a constructive way. And then he heard from three of the representatives, one from --represented the human rights organizations, one that represented themedia, and one that represented relief organizations. And they talkedabout, obviously, their organizations, and thanked the President forthe support from our embassy and from USAID. And then the Presidentkind of closed by talking about how strong, independent institutionsthat operate outside of government really help build strongdemocracies. And they touched a little bit on the role of faith-basedorganizations in society, as well. Then I talked to -- the President and Mrs. Bush attended theparade, and staff was there, too, watching the parade. And I talkedtothe President afterwards about some of his thoughts. And he talkedabout how it was a really dramatic moment -- he thought thearchitecture around Red Square was magnificent, and that the musicplayed by the military bands was powerful. And then he talked aboutthe old Soviet-era trucks that drove by with the World War IIveterans. It was very moving. And he talked about what a proud momentthat was for those veterans. Then he and Mrs. Bush went to the lunch with the other worldleaders, and they were joined at lunch right by them by -- at least intheir area were three veterans, one American, one British and oneRussian. And the President got an opportunity to visit with some ofthe other leaders, like President Hu and Prime Minister Koizumi andothers, as well. Then he went to the embassy, and thanked our diplomatic staff andthe Marines for all that they do on behalf of America. And thenfollowing the remarks to the embassy staff, the President met privatelywith 10 American and 10 Russian veterans of World War II. And hethanked them for the opportunity to come by and say hello. He toldthem that they set an example for his generation and future generationsthrough their courage and sacrifice and willingness to face tyranny anddefeat the Nazis and defeat fascism. He talked about how the examplethat they set will inspire a future generation of leaders. And hethanked them on behalf of a grateful nation. And again there, hetalked about his relationship with President Putin and how importantthat is, and then he said, God bless you, to all of them. The President, before that, had walked around and met individuallywith the veterans. And he came upon this one Russian veteran, an oldergentleman who had a lot of medals on his coat. And he didn't speakEnglish, he was speaking to the President in Russian. And there was aninterpreter there. And this veteran talked to the President about howhe had been in Berlin, and he had a coin from Berlin, and he wanted togive it to the President, this old coin. And the President insisted --he said, no, you keep that, give that to someone in your family. Andhe said -- he thanked him for his courage, and then he embraced theveteran and hugged him. Q A coin from -- MR. McCLELLAN: A coin from Berlin. He had been in Berlin. It wasa touching moment; the President was very touched by it. I think Ericgot a photograph of it, so we'll try to do a photo release of thatmoment, as well. Let's see, what else do I have. Just looking ahead to tomorrow,we've got the -- well, tonight we've got the tour of Old Town Tbilisi,and then tomorrow the President will have his meeting with PresidentSaakashvili, and then the press avail following that. And then he'sgoing to have a roundtable with the civil society leaders there. Thatwill be pool coverage. And then he meets with the speaker ofparliament. Then he'll make the remarks in Freedom Square, and weexpect a pretty good size crowd there, from Tbilisi. And in the remarks, the President is going to herald one of theworld's newest democracies. This is an opportunity to mark theprogress that Georgia has made on the path to democracy. Georgia is abeacon of liberty for the world, and the President will talk about thatin his remarks. Before there was the purple revolution in Iraq, andthe orange revolution in Ukraine, and the cedar revolution in Lebanon,there was the rose revolution in Georgia. And that has been an exampleof courage -- the rose revolution is an example of courage that hasinspired many around the world. And the President will talk aboutthat. Another point the President will make -- he'll talk about how newdemocracies -- how important it is for new democracies to meet certainresponsibilities in order to sustain freedom. And Georgia is movingforward on a number of reforms. We're very supportive of thoseefforts. They're moving forward on economic reforms, they're movingforward on democratic reforms, they're moving forward on cracking downon corruption. And I think the President will talk about that, but he'll also talkabout how free societies have a responsibility to build lasting,democratic institutions. And those lasting institutions are rule oflaw, full and equal rights for minorities, freedom of press. And he'lltalk about how we stand with Georgia as they move forward on movingthose institutions, but that building those institutions are really keyto sustaining freedom. So that's really the focus of his remarkstomorrow in Freedom Square. Q Scott, when the President says to the civil society people inMoscow, and again in the speech tomorrow in Georgia, Tbilisi, we standwith you, what specifically does he mean? Is there anythingspecifically that you guys are going at the White House? MR. McCLELLAN: Well, we support efforts around the world to moveforward on institution building, to put in place lasting democracies.And we've worked very closely with Georgia. The President has a greatrelationship with President Saakashvili. And we support efforts in theMiddle East, we support efforts in the former Soviet republics, and wewill continue to -- I think the point he's making is, we will continueto support you as you move forward on that path of democracy. Thereare lots of ways that we help and support those efforts; there are NGOsthat help, as well. Q Your description of the speech tomorrow sounds very much likeRiga, but I assume it's not going to be the same speech. So how mightit be different? What are some of the different things he's stressingand different points he's trying to make? MR. McCLELLAN: Well, Riga was looking a lot at the lessons of thepast, as we move forward on the future. And I think this is really aforward-looking speech. I said he was going to talk about how Georgiais a beacon of liberty for the region and for the world. Freedom isthe future for all, and I think that's one of the things the Presidentis highlighting in his remarks tomorrow. Q Will he talk about the U.S., as he did in Riga? Will he talkabout our own sort of path to democracy, with slavery, and that type ofthing? MR. McCLELLAN: Well, I think one thing he'll talk about in theremarks is that sustaining freedom is difficult; it's not easy. Andcertainly we know that -- we do know that from our own history, butthat there are many around the world that are there to support you asyou move forward. And there are many lessons we have learned from ourpast. The focus is really forward looking, it's not really, as I said,looking at the past, as he did in Riga. And so it's really focusing onwhat they're doing right now, and they're making important progress.And we've been very supportive of those efforts. But they are a youngdemocracy. The rose revolution just occurred in 2003. They areworking to address these issues now, and we want to do all we can tosupport them, and really point out that they are serving as an exampleby moving forward on those reforms. Q Scott, in the lunch today you mentioned that he talked with Huand Koizumi. Who did he sit with, and what kinds of conversations --were there substantive conversations? MR. McCLELLAN: Like I said, there were some veterans there. Ijust know -- we talked briefly about it. I don't know who else was atthe table. I'll see if I can get you that information. But I wasn'tthere for the lunch, so -- Q Did he have any sort of mini-summit with Hu and Koizumi totalk about North Korea? Did they chat about that at all? MR. McCLELLAN: I mean, I know he had the opportunity to visit withdifferent leaders. I don't know how substantive those conversationswere. But I'm sure they brought up some issues that are on both ourminds, both countries' minds. But I just don't have any more on that,because I wasn't there for the lunch. Q The Russians refuse to take their bases out of Georgia, andthat's what led to Saakashvili not coming to this event today inMoscow. Does the White House have any position on Russia keeping theirbases in Georgia? MR. McCLELLAN: I don't know that they've refused. I mean, I thinkRussia has stated that they are committed to moving out of thosebases. We support the negotiations that are going on. Q On North Korea, there were some discussions -- there were somecomments out of China and South Korea about the six-party talks,encouraging North Korea to come back to the six-party talks, and somesignals from North Korea about a greater willingness to do so. What isthe reaction to that? MR. McCLELLAN: Well, we've been in close contact with our partnersin the region to get North Korea to come back to the six-party talks.And I think all nations involved in the six-party talks are sending thesame message to North Korea, that the six-party talks are the best wayforward to resolving this matter and to achieving a nuclear-freePeninsula. And so we appreciate the efforts of our partners in theregion. We want to see North Korea come back to the talks, so that wecan talk in a serious way about how to move forward and achieve adiplomatic solution. Q When it comes to the test, though, you have mentioned that theU.S. has robust deterrents that are available. What are they? MR. McCLELLAN: Well, I think that Secretary Rice has talked aboutour deterrence capability in the region. I think that that's wellknown. I think our focus is on the diplomatic front and getting NorthKorea back to the six-party talks. The President has talked aboutmoving forward on missile defense, as well. But our focus is ongetting them back to the six-party talks. We've made it clear that noone is coming in with any preconditions to those talks, that we have aproposal on the table, and we want to move forward on that proposal ina serious way. So that's really what our focus is, is on getting themback to the six-party talks. Q How many people in the square tomorrow, Scott? MR. McCLELLAN: I don't want to put a number on it, but I heardit's going to be a pretty large crowd. Q Did the President say anything at all -- Q Security is pretty dicey in Georgia. Are you guys worried atall about the open-air speech? MR. McCLELLAN: We have great confidence in the securityprecautions that are taken for this trip and all our trips. Wewouldn't be going if that wasn't the case. Q Is there any contradiction in all of his talk about opensocieties and freedom and free speech, and yet every city we go to isvirtually locked down when we come through it, mostly for securityreasons? Doesn't it send a message that he's coming throughlocked-down cities? MR. McCLELLAN: I don't think I'd view it quite the same way. ThePresident is really looking forward to this trip for each stop alongthe way. It's been a really good trip so far, and the President islooking forward to finishing the trip in Georgia. I think it's anopportunity for people in these areas to hear directly from thePresident of the United States, and for us to herald the great thingsthat they are doing to move forward on the path of democracy. Like Isaid, I expect a rather large crowd tomorrow, and I think peopleunderstand the necessity of the security precautions that are taken,particularly when we're in a time of war. Q I've got a question on Iran. Did the Russians say or offeranything new on Iran in the context of the recent vows by the Iraniansto begin enrichment-related activities very soon? Will they be with usat the Security Council if it goes that far? MR. McCLELLAN: Steve talked about it last night, in terms of thecontext of the meeting. They did talk about Iran -- I think Stevepointed out that Russia has been supportive of the efforts that aregoing on by the Europeans. We continue to support the efforts of theEuropeans to resolve this in a peaceful and diplomatic manner. Iranmade a commitment to our European friends that during the negotiationsthat they would suspend all their enrichment and reprocessing-relatedactivity. If they decided to take a step to restart some of thoseefforts, that would be contrary to the commitment that they made to theEuropeans. So we want to continue to support the Europeans innegotiations. And Iran -- we have been skeptical of Iran's intentions for quitesome time, and that's because Iran's past -- Iran has a past where theyhid their activities from the international community. And that's whyit's important that there be some objective guarantee that Iran is notdeveloping a nuclear weapon under the cover of a civilian program. Andthe objective guarantee is no reprocessing or enrichment-relatedac